|Airport departure tax
Departure tax is levied which is usually included in your flight ticket if you buy through your travel
It is fun and joy to bargain so long as you know where and how to bargain.
Local stores are NOT places to bargain where you buy your basic essentials such as water, drinks,
foodstuffs, printed materials,etc.
Supermarkets, departmental stores are NOT places to bargain.
Only touristic items may be purchased with some bargaining power which may vary from 10% to
25% depending on what you buy and how you pay. Such touristic items are carpets, leather goods,
jewelry and a variety of souvenir items.
DO NOT BARGAIN for every item you show interest please!
Turkey has a subtropical climate; hence, variations do occur depending on the place and the
Istanbul and surroundings: Summer hot and some humidity. Average temperature 27C (80F).
Winter rainy and chilly. Average temperature 8C (46F), though sometimes very mild and warm.
Occasional rain between September and April, hardly any snow.
Western and Southern Turkey: It enjoys warm Mediterranean climate where winters are warm
with a lot of rain and summers are hot and humid. Average temperature in winter is 15C (60F) and
35C (95F) in summer. A lot of rain between September and April, though not every day!
Central and Eastern Turkey: Winters are cold and considerable snow precipitates whereas
summers are hot and dry. Temperature in winter 0C (32F) or even minus and in summer 35C (95F).
Average altitude 1000 m. (3500ft) and above.
Turkey’s climate shows similarities throughout the country between April-May and September-
November in each region.
In general, weather is warmer along the sea coasts, in the west and south; and cooler in central
Turkey and at higher elevations.
In spring and fall, bring a warm jacket or a sweater and windbreaker. In summer, wear cool light
colored cotton clothing, sunglasses, a hat and apply sun block lotion, but have a light sweater for
cool evenings at higher altitudes. In winter, you will need warm woolen, waterproof and thermal
clothing and rain gear.Bring comfortable and informal clothing and sturdy, non-skid walking shoes
Dress at dinner is informal or casual, though you may wear a dress or jacket if you wish.
Australia Hello Homeland (0-0) 800 61 1177
To call or fax to Turkey from your home, dial the codes to connect to the international network, then
Currency & Credit Cards
Turkey operates on 220 volts, 50 Hz, with round prong European style plugs. Luxury hotels often
provide 110 volts, but only for electric razors in bathroom. Travellers should bring a plug adapter
and/or travel transformer (available at electronics shops) for appliances just in case. Hotels cannot
provide more than a few at a time!
If you know your way around you can hop on city buses and trams in Old Town. Subway available in
certain parts of the city only, but expanding. Buses and trams have fixed prices and you should buy
tickets before you get on! Tickets available at tram and bus stops where you pay slightly more if
you buy from a street vendor.Taxis all have meters, but beware that some may take you on a longer
route claiming the jammed traffic or rush hour! Taxis apply 50% surcharge between mid night and
06.00 a.m. Round up the fare to the nearest last digit of 5 or 10 or 20 etc. for tipping.
To stay in the best of health, be careful not to overdo it. Eat and drink in moderation and get plenty
Sun & Heat : Use sun block lotion regularly and wear a hat to avoid sunburn. Drink liquids regularly
in hot and dry weather even if you don’t feel thirsty to avoid dehydration.
Food : Consult your doctor concerning Travellers’ Diarrhoea. Changes in food can disturb digestion,
so go easy on spicy food. Be careful not to overeat.
There are also a number of excellent hospitals operating to international
American Hospital, tel:0 212-311 2000
French Hospital, tel:0 212-246 1020
German Hospital, tel 0 212-293 2150
International hospital, tel:0 212-444 0663
Hacettepe Medical Center, tel: 0312-305 5000
Turkish, an Ural-Altaic language with links to the Finno – Hungarian, Japanese and Korean
languages, is spoken by 250 million people. English, German and French (one out of three) are
taught in every Turkish public school, and most tourism personnel can speak at least one. Many also
speak Spanish or Italian, some Japanese, Korean and Arabic. Turkish is a phonetic language which
uses the Latin alphabet with special pronunciation for a few letters.Turkish ‘c’ is pronounced like
English ‘j’; ‘ç’ like ‘ch’; ‘ş’ like ‘sh’; ‘ö’ like ‘ur’ (German ‘ö’); ‘ü’ is like French ‘u’; shape your lips
to say ‘oo’, but say ‘ee’. Undotted ‘I’ ( ) is pronounced ‘uh’. Soft ‘g’ (ğ) is not pronounced at all; it
lengthens the previous vowel slightly.
Hello – Merhaba
How are you? – Nasılsınız?
I’m fine, thank you – İyiyim, teşekkür ederim
Good morning – Günaydın
Good evening – İyi akşamlar
Please – Lütfen
Thank you – Teşekkür ederim
Yes – Evet
No – Hayır
There is; (it) exists – Var
There isn’t; (it) doesn’t exist – Yok
I want – İstiyorum
Water – Su
Money – Para
Toilet – Tuvalet
|Medical Care (see also under Health)
All Turkish cities have hospitals and towns have clinics, often with staff who speak at least
|People & Population
The Turks came from Central Asia to the Anatolian peninsula a thousand years ago. Within a few
centuries they had built a small kingdom into a great empire which ruled all of the eastern
Mediterranean, much of Eastern Europe, and parts of Asia. Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent (1520-
1566) was the envy of the other enlightened Renaissance monarchs of Europe. In later centuries the
empire declined. After World War I, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk founded the Turkish Republic (1923).
Today Turkey is a democracy with a population of 72 million and has a fast-growing free-enterprise
The Turkish population is 99% Muslim, yet Turkey is a secular state which grants total and complete
freedom of worship for non-Muslims, including Christians, Greeks, Jews, Armenians and other
|Safety (see also under Crime)
Turkish cities enjoy crime rates much lower than European or American cities of comparable size,
though the wise traveler will take normal precautions against pickpockets and other petty street
|Terms and Conditions On
1. Bookings; Booking should be made as early as possible to guarantee the passenger’s choice in
the Guaranteed Departure Programme. In order to offer the passengers more flexibility, our Free
Sale System makes it possible for you to make an unlimited number of bookings with instant
confirmation. This system applies up to 15 days prior to the departure date. After that time i.e.
within the last 15 days before the departure date, any bookings should be confirmed with our office
2. Cancellation; In the event of cancellation, cancellation charges are as follows;
Between 21-15 Days 25% of the package cost
Between 14-07 Days 50% of the package cost
Between 06-00 Days 100% of the package cost
3. Responsibility and Liability
4. Unused Tour Services
5. Goods Purchased During Tours
8. Child discount for tour packages
9. All our customers who are travelling on Orion Tour buses are insured under American
Travel Documents & Visas
Keep your passports, money and other valuables in the hotel safe deposit boxes that are usually
provided free of charge.
Although local people drink the water out of tap travelers are recommended to use bottled water
only for drinking purposes. Washing and brushing your teeth with tap water is no problem as the
water is purified and densely chlorinated. It is important to note that NEITHER bottled water NOR
any other drink is included in your program unless specifically mentioned otherwise.